Picture Supply : PTI
Over 5,000 political killings in Kashmir in 30 years, 10 in 2020
Eight leaders and activists of the Bharatiya Janata Celebration (BJP) are among the many 10 staff of various mainstream political events who’ve been shot lifeless by ‘unidentified gunmen’, broadly believed to be pro-Pakistan militants, in Kashmir within the final 5 months of the yr 2020.
Even because it doesn’t take lengthy for the members of the family of a sufferer and the residents of a neighbourhood to determine the identification of the assassins, media individuals and politicians do conveniently name them ‘unidentified gunmen.’ For years, the behaviour of the muted civil society after each assassination has implicitly pointed fingers in the direction of the assailants.
If an assassination was believed or perceived to be the handiwork of the pro-government counterinsurgents, the police or the safety forces, there can be protests and a name for shutdown from the militants or the separatists. There would even be a beeline of media individuals, politicians and human rights activists to the sufferer’s dwelling and an abundance of the condemnation statements.
Contrarily, each time the elimination was perceived to have been achieved by the militants, the Valley can be invariably a mute spectator. There can be no shutdown, no public condemnation and no particular remedy to the information on the entrance pages of the native newspapers.
The state of affairs has modified because the BJP authorities on the Centre initiated a crackdown on the separatists after the Pulwama suicide assault that left 40 paramilitary personnel lifeless in February 2019. Notably after abrogation of Article 370 and conversion of the state into the 2 Union Territories in August 2019, there was little response to a killing.
Whilst some militant outfits owned accountability for some political assassinations in Kashmir at first in 1989-90, no one has thereafter claimed any killing that had a possible to trigger outrage among the many folks.
As some high-profile political assassinations-like that of Mirwaiz Farooq in 1990 and Qazi Nisar Ahmad in 1994-evoked critical public reactions, the federal government and the separatist militants would invariably blame one another. Thirty years later, Kashmir doesn’t appear to have modified a lot as everyone fears deadly reprisal of any act of angering the gunmen.
“There have been a number of political killings which had clear signatures of a guerrilla outfit. Nonetheless the identical group issued condemnation statements and handed the buck to the opposite aspect as no scientific proof like CCTV footage was left behind. Nearly all of the killers have used facemasks to cover their identification. In lots of circumstances, hit orders and condemnations have flown concomitantly from the identical group,” says a senior Kashmiri journalist now primarily based in New Delhi.
Separatist chief Abdul Gani Bhat as soon as declared that the entire Valley’s political and mental leaders had been killed “not by India, however by our personal males”.
It occurs very not often that an murderer is captured alive or killed within the retaliatory firing from a protected individual’s safety guards. A rarest of the uncommon incidents occurred currently at Nunnar in Ganderbal the place the ‘unidentified gunmen’ attacked the BJP chief Ghulam Qadir on October 6.
The focused BJP chief survived however one among his private safety officers (PSOs) received killed. His retaliatory firing left one of many assailants lifeless. He was later recognized as Shabir Ahmad Shah of Tral. His weapon of assault was additionally recovered. The J&Ok Police claimed that earlier than becoming a member of militancy Shah had remained “proper hand man” of the previous Hizbul Mujahideen chief Riyaz Naikoo, who was killed in an encounter in Might this yr.
The present spree of political killings started with a deadly assault on the Congress Sarpanch Ajay Pandita in Larkipora, Anantnag on June 8. On July 8, BJP chief Sheikh Waseem Bari was shot lifeless alongside together with his brother and father, who had been additionally his get together activists, at Bandipora.
On August 6, BJP Sarpanch Sheikh Sajad Ahmad was shot lifeless at Vessu, Qazigund. On August 9, BJP chief Abdul Hamid Najjar was gunned down at Ompora, Budgam. On September 23, chairman of Block Improvement Council Khag, Bhupinder Singh, was shot lifeless at his dwelling. On October 29, three BJP activists had been gunned down at YK Pora in Kulgam.
Over 5,000 pro-Indian political activists have been killed in an identical assaults in Kashmir since 1989. Some estimates put this quantity at 7,000.
The primary political killing was that of the Nationwide Convention (NC) activist Mohammad Yusuf Halwai in downtown Srinagar on August 21, 1989. He had reportedly refused to place off the lights of his dwelling on the Indian Independence Day, on 15 August, when NC’s Farooq Abdullah was chief minister and the JKLF had known as for a ‘black out.’
Bharatiya Jana Sangh chief Tika Lal Taploo was shot lifeless on September 13, 1989 in Habbakadal, Srinagar.
Firebrand politician and former unbiased MLA Mir Mustafa was kidnapped and his bullet-riddled physique was thrown at Batmaloo-close to the Police Headquarters and Srinagar Police Management Room-on March 25.
CPI chief Abdul Sattar Ranjoor was additionally killed in March 1990, adopted by ex-minister Sheikh Jabbar in April 1990 and ex-MLA Sheikh Mansoor in Might 1990. Ghulam Qadir Wani and his son Nazir Ahmad Wani, each NC’s ex-MLAs, had been additionally killed subsequently in Pulwama.
Veteran politician Maulana Mohammad Sayeed Masoodi was shot lifeless on the age of 87 years by terrorists of Hizbullah at his dwelling in Ganderbal in December 1990.
Ex-MLA Peer Mohammad Shafi was amongst scores of the outstanding political activists shot lifeless in 1991. Ex-MLA Mohammad Subhan Bhat and his brother Showkat had been additionally killed in Tral in 1991. Their third brother Fayaz Ahmad was shot lifeless in 2002.
Ex-Minister Wali Mohammad Itoo was shot lifeless close to a mosque in Jammu’s Khatikan Talab in March 1994. His successor-daughter Sakeena Itoo survived over 20 assaults on her life. Ex-MLA Ghulam Nabi Dar received killed in one among such assaults in Kulgam. Ex-MLA of Muslim Unite Entrance Abdul Razaq Mir was additionally shot lifeless in Kulgam.
After the NC regained energy in 1996, MLA of Langate Abdul Ahad Wani (Kar) was the primary legislator who was ambushed and shot lifeless throughout his morning stroll close to Qalamabad, Handwara in Might 1999.
MLA Dooru, Ghulam Hassan Bhat, was the primary sitting Minister who was killed in an IED assault in Dooru space in Might 2000. Senior Congress chief Aga Syed Mehdi was killed alongside together with his PSOs when militants blew up his car on Srinagar-Gulmarg Highway in November 2001.
State minister of regulation Mushtaq Ahmad Lone was gunned down whereas addressing an election rally in Lolab Kupwara in September 2002. Ex-Minister Safdar Ali Beg was killed in Anantnag in October 2004.
Counterinsurgents-turned-politicians, ex-MLC Javed Shah and ex-MLA Kukka Parray, had been killed one after one other respectively in August and September 2003.
Among the many separatists, Peoples Convention chairman Abdul Gani Lone was essentially the most outstanding politician who was shot in broad daylight on the remembrance ceremony of Mirwaiz Farooq at Eidgah in Srinagar in Might 2002.
Former Peoples League chief Sheikh Abdul Aziz received killed in an incident of the Police firing on Srinagar-Uri Highway in August 2008. Numerous JEI activists had been killed through the Ikhwan period of 1995-98. In October 2005, Ghulam Nabi Lone of Peoples Democratic Celebration (PDP) was the primary sitting minister who was killed in a suicide assault inside his dwelling, in Tulsibagh, Srinagar.
Scores of City Native Physique members, Panches and Sarpanches and different leaders of various political events have additionally been assassinated in Jammu and Kashmir.
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